.CA Business Rules

This document catalogs the business rules that CIRA, the .ca registry, applies to the contact information associated with .ca domain names. The rules are enforced and can affect the success of domain name registrations and transfers.

In this section:

Audience

This document is intended for our API users who offer .ca domain names.

Affected API commands

The information in this document applies to API commands that use extended attributes or registrant contact information. The primary commands affected:

  • Purchase
  • Preconfigure
  • Contacts
  • TP_CreateOrder
  • TP_SubmitOrder
  • TP_UpdateOrderDetail

Overview of .ca eligibility requirements and contact types

Similar to many country code TLDs, the Canadian registry requires that domain name registrants have legal standing to register .ca domain names. These requirements, known as Canadian Presence Requirements (CPR), are most satisfied in the form of Canadian citizenship or incorporation of a business in Canada, and there are a number of other categories listed in this document.

The Canadian registry separates the types of Canadian presence (the CIRA_Legal_Type input parameter in our API) into two categories, Individual and Non-Individual. Their requirements for what Registrant contact information to submit depend on what legal type the Registrant declares.

The following legal types are classified as individuals:

CIRA_Legal_Type categorized as Individual Description
CCT Canadian citizen
RES Permanent resident of Canada
ABO Aboriginal peoples (individuals or groups) indigenous to Canada
LGR Legal representative of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident

 

The following legal types are classified as non-individuals:

CIRA_Legal_Type categorized as Non-Individual Description
CCO Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory)
GOV Government or government entity in Canada
EDU Canadian educational institution
ASS Canadian unincorporated association
HOP Canadian hospital
PRT Partnership registered in Canada
TDM Trade-mark registered in Canada by non-Canadian owner
TRD Canadian trade union
PLT Canadian political party
LAM Canadian library, archive, or museum
TRS Trust established in Canada
INB Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada
OMK Official marks registered in Canada
MAJ Her Majesty the Queen

For detailed information on each of these contact types, see Registrant legal types-definitions and valid formats

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When to use contact names and organization names

Based on our testing, we recommend the following practices for registering as individual and non-individual legal types:

Input parameters If the CIRA_Legal_Type is Individual: If the CIRA_Legal_Type is Non-Individual:
Registrant first name and last name First name and last name are Required. Submit the name of a person. First name and last name are Required. Submit the name of a person.
Registrant organization name Organization name is Optional. Avoid the terms listed in Disallowed terms in contact information for Individuals section. Organization name is Required. Must include at least one of the terms listed in Required terms in contact information for non- Individuals section.

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Source of this information

The rest of this document is a transcription of business rules, from the Registry's documentation, about valid contact types and data formats. It is presented verbatim with limited exceptions:

  • A few headings have been added or revised, in some cases for clarity and in some cases to provide an anchor for the hypertext links in the table above.
  • Lists of required and disallowed terms have been alphabetized.
  • Spelling errors are transcribed from CIRA's documentation without correction.
  • Notes added by us are flagged with "Note to API users".

 

Valid formats and data values for .ca

A 'Legal type' is a category that the Registrant must fall into in order to meet the Canadian Presence Requirements. The Canadian Presence Requirements are set out in the General Registration Rules and the Registrant Agreement between CIRA and registrants.

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Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory)

A corporation under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada, Charities, Cooperative, Council.

Registrant name format requirements

The information in this document applies to API commands that use extended attributes or registrant contact information. The primary commands affected:

  • The Registrant name must be the full legal name of the corporation and must be followed by the jurisdiction of incorporation (i.e. Canada, Ontario, NWT….), unless it is obvious from the corporation's name. Canadian Internet Registration Authority (Canada)
  • For Charities - the NFP should be included in the organization name - if it is a not-for-profit organization - you are also required to submit the registration number (i.e. 123456789 RR0001)

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Corporation'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
The Foundation of Rosa (NFP) Smiths
La fondation de Edward (OSBL) Smiths Consulting
123745 Canada Inc. Smiths Kennel
Smith Corp. of Ontario Leatra SP
Smith Ltée. Canada Smiths Corp.

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Canadian citizen

A Canadian citizen of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Canadian Citizen who will hold the domain name registration as the name would appear on a passport, driver's license or other identification document issued by a government.
  • The full legal name may be followed by a space and “o/a xxxx” where “o/a” stands for “Operating As” and “xxxx” can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. “John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group”). The name may also be followed by a space and a degree granted to the Registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the Registrant has the right to use (i.e., PhD, MD, and DDS.)
  • Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark('), hyphen(-), period(.).

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Permanent resident of Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
John Smith John
Fred-Albert Doon PhD J. Doe
Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services None
Kathy Lynn Perse Personal
  (blank)
  Cool Gal
  Domain Administrator
  St-James Services
  Acme Sales Inc.

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Permanent resident of Canada

A permanent resident as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (Canada) S.C. 2001, c.27, as amended from time to time, who is “ordinarily resident” (as defined below) in Canada and of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided. “Ordinarily resident in Canada” means an individual who resides in Canada for more than 183 days in the twelve month period immediately preceding the date of the applicable request for registration of the .ca domain name or sub-domain name and in each twelve month period thereafter for the duration of the domain name registration.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Permanent Resident who will hold the domain name registration as the name would appear on a driver's license or other identification document issued by a government.
  • The name may be followed by a space and “o/a xxxx” where “o/a” stands for “Operating As” and “xxxx” can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. “John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group”). The name may also be followed by a space and a degree granted to the Registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the Registrant has the right to use (i.e., PhD, MD, and DDS.)
  • Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark('), hyphen(-), period(.).

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Permanent resident of Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
John Smith John
Fred-Albert Doon DDS J. Doe
Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services F.A.D
Kathy Lynn Perse Cool Gal
  St-James Services
  Acme Sales Inc.

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Government or government entity in Canada

Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, a province or a territory; an agent of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, of a province or of a territory; a federal, provincial or territorial Crown corporation, government agency or government entity; or a regional, municipal or local area government.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the entity that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses).
  • If the Registrant is not a government, the Registrant's name must be followed by the name of the jurisdiction (i.e. Canada, province, territory, municipality, etc) to which the Registrant is related.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Government or government entity in Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Government of Alberta Toronto Sales Are Us Inc.
Export Development Corporation (EDC) (Canada) DCIOPEI
Deposit Insurance Corporation of Ontario (DCIO) John Doe
City of Toronto  

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Canadian educational institution

  1. A university or college which is located in Canada and which is authorized or recognized as a university or college under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada; or
  2. A college, post-secondary school, vocational school, secondary school, pre-school or other school or educational institution which is located in Canada and which is recognized by the educational authorities of a province or territory of Canada or licensed under or maintained by an Act of Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the institution that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations.
  • A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.
  • The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction (e.g. name of province, municipality) in which the institution is accredited if not obvious from the Registrant's name.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant name for the legal type 'Canadian educational institution'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
L' école de la ville (Ottawa) Sandhill Secondary School
University of British Columbia (UBC) Sales Are Us Inc.
St-John's Middle School of Ottawa UBC Student Association
Advanced Languages Institute of Ontario (ALI)(Ontario) Professional Association of Teaching Professionals of UdeM
  Joe Smith

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Canadian unincorporated association

This legal type is principally intended for religious congregations, social and sports clubs and community groups, council (not registered) or society (not registered) which are based and operating in Canada.

An unincorporated organization, association or club:

  1. at least 80% of whose members: (A) are ordinarily resident in Canada (if such members are individuals); or (B) meet the requirements of any one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, Partnership Registered in Canada, Trust established in Canada, Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident; and
  2. at least 80% of whose directors, officers, employees, managers, administrators or other representatives are ordinarily resident in Canada

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete name of the association that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses).

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Canadian unincorporated association'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
St-Alban's Reformed Church of Victoria ACDEN
Archdiocese of Montréal St-Patrick's
Sun Youth Montréal Dartmouth Soccer Club Limited
Citizens for the Protection of the Red River John Doe
Toronto Junior Soccer Association  

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Canadian hospital

A hospital which is located in Canada and which is licensed, authorized or approved to operate as a hospital under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the hospital that will hold the domain name registration, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.) The Registrant's name must be followed by the jurisdiction (i.e. name of province) which accredited the hospital if not obvious from the Registrant's name.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Canadian hospital'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Royal Victoria Hospital - Québec The dog hospital
Sick Children's Hospital of Ontario The cat veterinary
Veteran's Hospital Canada, Pointe Claire Dr. John Doe
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Jane Doe
  John Doe Inc.
  SHUL
  Nurses Union Local 1455 NHCWA
  Manitoba Doctors Against Drugs (MDAD)

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Partnership registered in Canada

A partnership, more than 66 2/3 % of whose partners meet the requirements of one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, Trust established in Canada or a Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident, which is registered as a partnership under the laws of any province or territory of Canada.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the registered name of the partnership that will hold the domain name registration.
  • The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction of registration (i.e., Alberta) and the registration number.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Partnership registered in Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
John Doe, LLP (Ontario) Mybusiness Inc.
Xenon Partnership (Ontario) Fred Smith
Doucett, Entwistle and Theedom LLP (Ontario) John Doe Partnership
John Doe Partnership, British Columbia  
Rosa, Edward, Kelly, Partnership-Ottawa  

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Trade-mark registered in Canada by non-Canadian owner

A Person which does not fall under any other legal type, but which is the owner of a trade-mark which is the subject of a registration under the Trade-marks Act (Canada) R.S.C. 1985, c.T-13 as amended from time to time, but in this case such permission is limited to a request to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of that registered trade-mark.

NOTE: This legal type is only intended for Registrants which do not meet the requirements associated with any other legal type but which have a trade-mark registered in Canada. (Trademarks subject of trade-mark applications and trade-marks registered in other jurisdictions, such as the United States, do not qualify.) The domain name to be registered must include the trademark. (i.e., If the trade-mark is AVEA this type of Registrant can register avea.ca or aveaisus.ca but not xyz.ca)

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete legal name of the trade-mark owner (not the trademark agent) holding the domain name registration without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.)
  • The applicant must also insert the Canadian registration number of the trade-mark following the Registrant name.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Trade-mark registered in Canada by non-Canadian owner'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Arcuros SPA - TMA1762466 Arcuros SPA

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Canadian trade union

A trade union which is recognized by a labour board under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada and which has its head office in Canada.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the trade union that will hold the domain name registration, without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.)
  • The Registrant name must be followed by the jurisdiction in Canada which recognizes it (if it is not obvious from the Registrant's name.)

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Canadian trade union'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN) - Québec ZZCEUL local 237
Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) Jean Smith
  Sales Are Us Inc.

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Canadian political party

A political party registered under a relevant electoral law of Canada or any province or territory of Canada.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the political party holding the domain name registration, without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.)
  • The Registrant name must also by followed by the jurisdiction in Canada in which it is registered (if it is not obvious from the official name).

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Canadian political party'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) John Doe
Union Nationale du Québec Sales Are Us Inc.
Reform Party - Alberta Liberal Party
  ACCULD � Ontario
  National Liberation Front of Mexico

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Canadian library, archive or museum

An institution, whether or not incorporated, that:

  1. is located in Canada; and
  2. is not established or conducted for profit or does not form part of, or is not administered or directly or indirectly controlled by, a body that is established or conducted for profit in which is held and maintained a collection of documents and other materials that is open to the public or to researchers

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete legal name of the institution which will hold the domain name registration without abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.)

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Canadian library, archive or museum'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Royal Ontario Museum John Doe
Musé des Beaux Arts de Montréal Sales Are Us Inc.
  My site
  Domain Administrator
  Biggs Bargain Books

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Trust established in Canada

A trust established and subsisting under the laws of a province or territory of Canada, more than 66-2/3 % of whose trustees meet the requirements of one of the following Registrant Types: Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory), Canadian citizen, Permanent Resident of Canada, or a Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the trust, without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the official name in parentheses.)
  • The Registrant name must also indicate the total percentage of the trustees that meet one or more of the following requirements: Canadian citizen, permanent resident, Canadian corporation, legal representative.

 

Examples of valid or invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Trust established in Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Marie Daigle Trust - (100%) John Doe
Arbeit Trust - (70%) Sales Are Us Inc.
  Arbeit Trust (10%)

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Aboriginal Peoples (individuals) indigenous to Canada

Any individual belonging to any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Aboriginal Person applying for the Registration as it would appear on a driver's license or other identification document issued by government.
  • The Registrant may enter its full legal name followed by a space and “o/a xxxx” where “o/a” stands for “Operating As” and “xxxx” can be any alpha-numeric string designated by the applicant and subject to applicable rules and length restrictions (e.g. “John Doe o/a Doe Consulting Group”).
  • The name may also be followed by a space and a degree granted to the Registrant by a recognized degree granting institution or a recognized professional designation which the Registrant has the right to use (i.e., PhD, MD, and DDS.)
  • Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark('), hyphen(-), period(.).

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Aboriginal Peoples (individuals) indigenous to Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
John Smith John
Fred-Albert Doon DDS None
Bernard St-James o/a St-James Services Personal
  (blank)
  Domain Administrator
  St-James Services Inc.

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Aboriginal Peoples (groups) indigenous to Canada

Any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada, and any collectivity of such Aboriginal peoples.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the indigenous people a collectivity of Aboriginal Persons or, if there is no official name, the name by which the collectivity is commonly known.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Aboriginal Peoples (individuals) indigenous to Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Carrier Sekani Tribal Council Acme Sales Inc.
  Helping Spirit Lodge Society
  John Jones

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Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada

Any Indian band as defined in the Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5, as amended from time to time, and any group of Indian bands.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The name of Registrant must be the Indian Band Name as registered with the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada.

NOTE: To verify the status or existence of an Indian Band, visit: http://www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/ or contact them directly by telephone at 888-399-0111. The website is not authoritative.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
Lac la Ronge Indian Band Mohawk Motors
  Sioux Sales Inc.
  Sales Are Us Inc.
  John Smith

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Legal representative of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident

An executor, administrator or other legal representative of a Person listed as a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident of Canada.

Note This legal type is only available to a person or entity that has been appointed by legal process to represent an individual who is not competent to represent him or herself. It is not available to anyone who represents a Canadian or foreign corporation in any capacity

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the full legal name of the Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident of Canada who is being represented as it would appear on a passport, driver's license or other government identification document. This must be followed by the full legal name and capacity of at least one of the official representatives.
  • Full legal names of individuals may only consist of alphabetic characters and the special characters: single quote mark('), hyphen(-), period(.).
  • Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type 'Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada'

Caution: The representative should be identified as the Administrative Contact for these registrations

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Legal representative of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
John Smith (Jayne Smith, executor) Sales Are Us Inc.
  Arlenza SP
  Shingle LLP

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Official marks registered in Canada

A Person which does not meet the requirements for any other legal type, but which is a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trade-marks Act (Canada) at whose request the Registrar of trade-marks has published notice of adoption of any badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark pursuant to Subsection 9(1), but in this case such permission is limited to a request to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of such badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark in respect of which such Person requested publications.

Note: This legal type is only intended for Registrants which do not meet the requirements associated with any other legal type but which have an Official Mark registered in Canada. The domain name must include the official mark (i.e. if the official mark is WIPO, the Registrant can register wipo.ca but not intellectual-property.ca)

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be the complete official name of the entity holding the domain name registration without any abbreviations. (A common abbreviation may follow the complete name in parentheses.) The registration number of the official mark must follow the Registrant Name.

 

Examples of valid and invalid Registrant names for the legal type
'Official marks registered in Canada'
Valid Registrant name Invalid Registrant name
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - 0970388 John Doe Inc.
  Arcuros SPA

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Her Majesty the Queen

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second and her successors.

Registrant name format requirements

  • The Registrant's name must be that of Her Majesty the Queen or, after a succession, the name of her successor.

About valid and invalid contact names

CIRA requires the Registrar to collect accurate information from the Registrant. Contacts without a valid Canadian presence cannot be assigned to the Registrant role. CIRA's registry checks for Canadian presence on a contact in the role of Registrant.

Organization (Note to API users: this is the RegistrantOrganizationName input parameter in our API) can only be used when a contact is an individual, because its intended use is to indicate which organization an actual person works for, and does not indicate the non-individual contact name.

Required terms in contact information for non-Individuals

The following is a list that includes, but is not limited to, valid non individual names. When the category is nonindividual, the contact must contain at least one of the following whole words in the name:

  • bank
  • banque
  • caisse d'economie
  • caisse d'epargne
  • coop
  • caisse de credit
  • caisse populaire
  • compagnie
  • company
  • cooperation
  • cooperative
  • cooprix
  • corp
  • corp.
  • corporation
  • credit union
  • federation de societes mutuelles d'assurance
  • federation of mutual insurance associations
  • fideicommis
  • fiducie
  • inc
  • inc.
  • incorporated
  • incorporee
  • limited
  • limited liability company
  • limited liability partnership
  • limitee
  • llc
  • llp
  • ltd
  • ltd.
  • lte
  • lte.
  • ltee
  • ltee.
  • mutual benefit association
  • s.a.
  • s.a.r.f.
  • s.c.c.
  • s.r.l.
  • sarl
  • savings union
  • société à responsabilit� limitée
  • societe commerciale canadienne
  • societe d'entraide economique
  • societe d'epargne
  • societe de fiducie
  • societe de secours mutuels
  • societe mutuelle d'assurance
  • societe par actions
  • societe par actions a responsabilite limitee
  • trust
  • ulc
  • ulc.
  • unlimited liability company

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Disallowed terms in contact information for Individuals

The following is a list, that includes but is not limited to, invalid individual names. The category is individual and therefore, the contact name must not contain any of the following whole words.

Note to API users: Our testing indicates that these terms can also be problematic in the optional input parameter, organization name, for Individual legal types.

Invalid Individual Names

(tm) academic academie
academy access admin
administration administrations administrator
adult adventure alb
alberta alliance american
animal animals animaux
and arts assistance
associate associates association
authority autorite available
band bc breakfast
british business businesses
calgary canada canadian
canadien canadienne capital
capitale care carpet
carpets central city
classic club clubs
college comission commerce
communication communications compagnie
company computer conseiller
conseillers consultant consultants
consultation consulting coop
co-op corporation cottages
council country cyber
cybercafe design designs
development developpement digital
disabilities disability disponible
distribution district dns
domain domaine domaines
domains drink droits
economic economique educational
eglise electronic electronics
electronique electroniques entreprise
ergonomic ergonomics ergonomique
essential essentials essentiel
essentiels evenement evenements
event events farm
farms ferme fermes
film films financial
financiere food foreign
free fund funds
gallerie gestion golf
graphic graphics graphique
graphiques group groupe
halifax hamlet health
hebdomadaire help hosting
hotel hotels immobilier
individu individual individuals
individus industrie industries
industry information instruments
interest international internet
journal laboratoire laboratoires
laboratories laboratory leasing
liberal local location
locations management manitoba
mb mechanic mechanics
medecine media medical
montreal motel motels
motoneige motoneiges motor
motors nb network
networking new brunswick newfoundland
nf northerns nova scotia
ns of office
online ontario org.
organisation organization ottawa
outlet outlets pei
photographie photography picture
pictures product products
production productions program
programs properties property
public publishing punk
quarterly quebec realty
remote rental rentals
restaurant rights rues
rural sa sask.
saskatoon school services
sex ski snowmobible
snowmobibles societe society
solution solutions sport
sports student studio
supplies supply system
systems teacher teachers
teaching technical technologie
technology the theatre
tm toronto treats
trimestriel town ultimate
universal universel universite
university vacation vacations
vancouver vente verte
village ville virtual
virtuel webmaster website
weekly winnipeg xxx

NOTE: Note: A Contact that is an individual cannot use invalid contact names for Administrative Contact and Technical Contact information

See also the Canadian Presence Requirements for Registrants at
http://www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/CPR.pdf

Authorization Information

The registration of domain names and other operations around the registered domain name are carried out only if the registrar is authorized for the change. An authorization password is usually associated with the domain. Information is returned in a response only when:

  • The querying Registrar is the current sponsoring Registrar, or
  • The Registrar has supplied valid authorization information with the request

For example, CIRA regards any changes to the contact name information a critical change and requires authorization information. In this case, the request must include the authorization information for the domain. The Registrar must provide valid contact IDs for Registrant and administrative contact, and, if applicable, technical contacts. These contacts must be sponsored by the Registrar.

In the case of a domain name transfer, The Registrar must have the authorization information, (a password) from the Registrant before the domain name can be transferred.

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Permitted formats for input values

Domain Names

The following lists valid domain name formats and values.

  • Maximum 4 segments separated by period characters
  • Maximum segment length 63 characters
  • Segment characters must be alphanumeric or "-"
  • "-" must not appear at the start or end of a segment
  • Last segment must be "ca"

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Email Addresses

The following lists email valid format and values.

  • Length is 6 - 320 characters
  • Format: email@domain.tld

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IP Addresses

The Registry supports both IPv4 and IPv6 address types. An IPv4 address is a 32-bit identifier that consists of a set of four numbers, each in the range of 0 to 255, separated by periods. For example, 64.230.164.58. An IPv6 address is a 128-bit identifier. IPv6 notation consists of eight groups of four hexadecimal digits, separated by colons. For example, 2001:db8:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:5b0f. CIRA supports entering IPV6 IP addresses in standard shorthand notations such as:

  • Removing the leading zeros in a group
  • Replacing one or more consecutive groups that consist entirely of zero values with two colons (::). This can only be done once in an address

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Postal Codes

When the country code is CA, the postal code format is XNX NXN. Where X is a letter and N is a number, the space separating the first three characters from the second three characters, is optional.

When the country code is US, the zip code format is NNNNN or NNNNN-NNNN. Where N is a numeric character, the hyphen character is used to separate the first five characters from the following four characters, if the 'zip plus four' format is used.

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Telephone and Fax Numbers, and telephone extensions

Note to API users: CIRA's instructions in this section have been replaced with the formatting requirements we use for all TLDs. We reformat as needed to comply with each Registry's formatting requirements.

For telephone and fax numbers, the format must be +CountryCode.PhoneNumber, where CountryCode and PhoneNumber use only numeric characters and the + is URL-encoded as a plus sign (%2B).

You may add an extension number if applicable.

Permitted values for country, province, and state codes

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Country codes

The Country Codes table lists the country names in alphabetical order and their corresponding country codes.

Country Code
Afghanistan AF
Aland Islands AX
Albania AL
Algeria DZ
American Samoa AS
Andorra AD
Angola AO
Anguilla AI
Antarctica AQ
Antigua & Barbuda AG
Argentina AR
Armenia AM
Aruba AW
Ascension Island AC
Australia AU
Austria AT
Azerbaijan AZ
Bahamas BS
Bahrain BH
Bangladesh BD
Barbados BB
Belarus BY
Belgium BE
Belize BZ
Benin BJ
Bermuda BM
Bhutan BT
Bolivia BO
Bosnia and Herzegovina BA
Botswana BW
Bouvet Island BV
Brazil BR
British Indian Ocean Territory IO
Brunei Darussalam BN
Bulgaria BG
Burkina Faso BF
Burundi BI
Cambodia KH
Cameroon CM
Canada CA
Cape Verde CV
Cayman Islands KY
Central African Republic CF
Chad TD
Chile CL
China CN
Christmas Island CX
Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC
Colombia CO
Comoros KM
Congo CG
Democratic Republic of the Congo CD
Cook Islands CK
Costa Rica CR
Côte D'ivoire (Ivory Coast) CI
Croatia HR
Cuba CU
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Denmark DK
Djibouti DJ
Dominica DM
Dominican Republic DO
Ecuador EC
Egypt EG
El Salvador SV
Equatorial Guinea GQ
Eritrea ER
Estonia EE
Ethiopia ET
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK
Faroe Islands FO
Federated States of Micronesia FM
Fiji FJ
Finland FI
France FR
French Guiana GF
French Polynesia PF
French Southern Territories TF
Gabon GA
Gambia GM
Georgia GE
Germany DE
Ghana GH
Gibraltar GI
Greece GR
Greenland GL
Grenada GD
Guadeloupe GP
Guam GU
Guatemala GT
Guernsey GG
Guinea GN
Guinea-Bissau GW
Guyana GY
Haiti HT
Heard & McDonald Islands HM
Holy See (Vatican City State) VA
Honduras HN
Hong Kong HK
Hungary HU
Iceland IS
India IN
Indonesia ID
Iran IR
Iraq IQ
Ireland IE
Isle of Man IM
Israel IL
Italy IT
Jamaica JM
Japan JP
Jersey JE
Jordan JO
Kazakhstan KZ
Kenya KE
Kiribati KI
(North) Korea, Democratic People's Republic of KP
(South) Korea, Republic of KR
Kuwait KW
Kyrgyzstan KG
Lao People's Democratic Republic LA
Latvia LV
Lebanon LB
Lesotho LS
Liberia LR
Libya (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) LY
Liechtenstein LI
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg LU
Macao MO
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of MK
Madagascar MG
Malawi MW
Malaysia MY
Maldives MV
Mali ML
Malta MT
Marshall Islands MH
Martinique MQ
Mauritania MR
Mauritius MU
Mayotte YT
Mexico MX
Micronesia, Federated States of FM
Moldova MD
Monaco MC
Mongolia MN
Montenegro ME
Montserrat MS
Morocco MA
Mozambique MZ
Myanmar MM
Namibia NA
Nauru NR
Nepal NP
Netherlands NL
Netherlands Antilles AN
New Caledonia NC
New Zealand NZ
Nicaragua NI
Niger NE
Nigeria NG
Niue NU
Norfolk Island NF
Northern Mariana Islands MP
Norway NO
Oman OM
Pakistan PK
Palau PW
Palestine (Palestinian Territory, occupied) PS
Panama PA
Papua New Guinea PG
Paraguay PY
Peru PE
Philippines PH
Pitcairn Islands PN
Poland PL
Portugal PT
Puerto Rico PR
Qatar QA
Réunion RE
Romania RO
Russia RU
Rwanda RW
Saint Barthelemy BL
Saint Helena SH
Saint Kitts and Nevis KN
Saint Lucia LC
Saint Martin MF
Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC
Samoa WS
San Marino SM
São Tomé and Principe ST
Saudi Arabia SA
Senegal SN
Serbia RS
Seychelles SC
Sierra Leone SL
Singapore SG
Slovakia SK
Slovenia SI
Solomon Islands SB
Somalia SO
South Africa ZA
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS
Spain ES
Sri Lanka LK
Sudan SD
Suriname SR
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands SJ
Swaziland SZ
Switzerland CH
Sweden SE
Taiwan TW
Tajikistan TJ
Tanzania TZ
Thailand TH
Timor-Leste TL
Togo TG
Tokelau TK
Tonga TO
Trinidad and Tobago TT
Tunisia TN
Turkey TR
Turkmenistan TM
Turks and Caicos Islands TC
Tuvalu TV
Uganda UG
Ukraine UA
United Arab Emirates AE
United Kingdom (Great Britain) GB
United States US
US Minor Outlying Islands UM
Uruguay UY
Uzbekistan UZ
Vanuatu VU
Vatican City State (Holy See) VA
Venezuela VE
Vietnam VN
British Virgin Islands VG
United States Virgin Islands VI
Wallis and Futuna WF
Western Sahara EH
Yemen YE
Zambia ZM
Zimbabwe ZW

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Canadian province codes

Canadian province Code
Alberta AB
British Columbia BC
Manitoba MB
New Brunswick NB
Newfoundland and Labrador NL
Northwest Territories NT
Nova Scotia NS
Nunavut NU
Ontario ON
Prince Edward Island PE
Quebec QC
Saskatchewan SK
Yukon YK

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US state, territory, or region codes

US state, territory, or region Code Code
Armed Forces Americas
(except Canada)
AA
Armed Forces Africa
Armed Forces Canada
Armed Forces Europe
Armed Forces Middle East
AE
Alaska AK
Alabama AL
Armed Forces Pacific AP
American Samoa AS
Arizona AZ
Arkansas AR
California CA
Colorado CO
Connecticut CT
Delaware DE
District of Columbia DC
Federated States of Micronesia FM
Florida FL
Georgia GA
Guam GU
Hawaii HI
Idaho ID
Illinois IL
Indiana IN
Iowa IA
Kansas KS
Kentucky KY
Louisiana LA
Maine ME
Marshall Islands MH
Maryland MD
Massachusetts MA
Michigan MI
Minnesota MN
Mississippi MS
Missouri MO
Montana MT
Nebraska NE
Nevada NV
New Hampshire NH
New Jersey NJ
New Mexico NM
New York NY
North Carolina NC
North Dakota ND
Northern Mariana Islands MP
Ohio OH
Oklahoma OK
Oregon OR
Palau PW
Pennsylvania PA
Puerto Rico PR
Rhode Island RI
South Carolina SC
South Dakota SD
Tennessee TN
Texas TX
Utah UT
Vermont VT
Virgin Islands VI
Virginia VA
Washington WA
West Virginia WV
Wisconsin WI
Wyoming WY